Breadboard prepped LED´s

Always with the breadboard tinkering you want to throw in an LED here and there to give visual cues about whats happening but always there is that pesky need for a current limiting resistor.

Well, here is my take on a solution for that “problem”.

First you cut one leg off the LED, solder the appropriate resistor on there, then solder the two legs onto a header pin pair; thus…

ledresist

And then, to add stability and to prevent the legs from being shorted together, enter the hot snot magic dispenser…

ledsnotted

Ofcourse this doesnt look very neat, which is why the final step is to squeeze on some heatshrink tube…

ledtubed

Ideally a speck of paint should be applied on one of the header pins to highlight the polarity of the LED but I dont have paint laying around right now, so its good enough for now.

And please dont complain about how ugly the soldering and snotting is. Im doing the best I can with only one functional hand (yes Im disabled). If you like the idea it’d be cool to hear and see if you made your own.

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Aliexpress woes

Up until now I havent had any problems with my orders so I thought Aliexpress was way cool. But now Ive had a couple of orders just not arriving and seller claiming “oh please! we shipped it!”

Its time for me to learn how to shop safely. For starters, picking the free shipping packages is probably not a good idea. Free shipping doesnt come with tracking so the seller can simply say they shipped it and then I guess you are screwed.

And then taking as much screenshots and notes as possible to present as evidence in case of a dispute.

Or maybe I should just stop using Aliexpress unless there is no other option. But still, its very hard to beat their prices for some things…

Update February 22nd,

Yesterday I complained and worried, today both over-due packages arrived. Have I just been lucky or are electronics sellers on Aliexpress more honest than the others. To date, Ive received everything I ordered. Only two have been late.

Time to learn

Now the time has come for me to dig up an old corpse and give it new life. The corpse in question is twsinit from Bizarre Sources, a project where I once crammed the whole init program in Linux into 1 page of memory.

You see, any program that runs has memory allocated to it for things like code, data, stack, environment, etc. The normal size for init in Linux is about 1-1.5MB in memory. But the init process really only needs to do one job; it inherits all orphan processes and thus has to take care of its “children” terminating. Otherwise they turn into zombie processes.

To do that job you really dont need 1MB of code. So I wrote a program from scratch called twsinit that can do the job of starting the system and buring zombie processes. The last official release did the job in two pages of memory, 1 page code and 1 page stack. But another version after that did away with the stack page as well.

So right now Im digging around in my old code, relearning how it works, and then I need to move on to learning ARM assembly and calling conventions in ARM Linux. Shouldnt be too difficult.

Optimizing the LedControl library

vlcsnap-2017-02-05-23h54m51s351.png

After hooking up eight LED matrices in series, I could see that the LedControl library wasnt up to the task. After digging through the source code I realized what a peice of junk it was.

I had to do better myself. And did. I even ended up writing my new routine in assembler. Better optimized than even the code gcc managed to produce.

Source code in the form of an Atmel Studio project,
is available here: http://joonicks.eu/arduino/LedControl.zip

 

Current limiting circuit YouTube

snapshot

Finally got around to making a demonstration video of my current limiting and short circuit protection circuit.

Using a LED as a dummy load might not have been the best idea but at least it visualizes the concept in a simple way.

The circuit is intended as an extra protection layer between a power supply and the circuit that uses it. Instead of blowing fuses or magic smoke in case of overcurrent or short circuit, this concept circuit could be tuned to protect the power supply quite well and cheaply.

Though in case of bigger normal loads, the transistor cant be a flimsy BC547. With any luck it might manage a few hundred mA but at 500 mA it’d probably burn up pretty quick.

AliExpress unboxing #1

“Bigger” package arrived today from China. A whole bunch of good stuff. But a lot of it also needs header soldering before it can be put to use. The two ESP-12F modules will be especially tricky to solder any kind of headers on to, seeing as the connection points are not spaced the standard breadbord friendly distance.

View the unboxing video on Youtube here: https://youtu.be/q4k5O6LL3a8

Its also my first unboxing video, so dont expect too much.

unboxing1

Little mailbag, January 23rd

mailbag-2017-01-23

A small package arrived from far far awar with some new playthings for me.

  • A small 128×32 pixel OLED display, I2C interface.
  • 433MHz transmitter and receiver (two separate modules)
  • Four 7-segment 4-digit LED thingamajingys
  • Header pins…

Got the OLED working pretty quick.